However, the country may not be able to achieve this in the short 7 years that are left given the high and growing rate of youth unemployment.
With reference to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and their call for youth employment one stakeholder (DLI, PEPFAR) puts it bluntly, “…youth unemployment poses a very serious challenge to the achievement of this vision.”
“The SDGs embrace the need for economic development that leaves no one behind and gives everyone a fair chance of finding decent work.”
The goals establish that young people are a driving force for development
but only if they are provided with the skills and opportunities needed to reach their potential, support development, and contribute to peace and security.
”However, young people today face considerable challenges in creating a bright future for themselves.”
Almost a quarter of urban youth unemployed
In Tanzania, the unemployment rate among young people aged 15 – 24 years is 13.4% but urban areas are hardest hit reaching 22.3% compared to 7.1% in rural areas.
Odds for the total youth population are also gender bias with 14.3% of females unemployed compared to 12.3% for males.
With such high unemployment rates and considering the fact that youth are a key driving force for development, the country’s vision to industrialize over the next 7 years may be affected gravely.
The government is well aware of this threat and alongside various stakeholders, it is taking mitigation measures.
From policy frameworks to mainstreaming youth employment into national development plans, the country is trying but still struggling to get its youth employed.
Skill development to meet new technology demands is key as the country moves from agriculture dependency to industrialization. Sectors like telecommunication and energy are growing fast and the youth need the skill sets to cope.
To achieve this, the government welcomes aid from the private sector through Public Private Partnerships, support from NGOs, Civil Society Organisations and the international community.