Ethiopia’s coffee production is at risk with the change of climate compelling coffee farmers to move to higher grounds to keep their dreams and economic activities alive. The East African nation has suffered setbacks in the cash crop production due to the number of challenges that the government seemingly to have no control over yet.
The rising temperatures due to the climate change all over the globe could endanger the production of coffee in Ethiopia. Drought has hit the country heavily affecting adversely coffee farmers. Coffee berries are succumbing to the dangers of worsening diseases that could have a ripple effect on the yields. This is a worrying incident as the country counts on coffee as a major foreign earner.
The future of the commodity has come into question as it also faces competition from khat, a barely legal crop in the world. Some farmers have abandoned the culture of the country and settled for the cultivation of khat with a number of benefits in comparison to coffee farming. It is still a gambling game as coffee remains the pre-eminent crop in the government’s list but could be compelled to weigh the options.
Change in weather patterns have affected other crops as well. There has been delays in harvest as coffee beans remain immature and have missed their deadlines causing frustrations to potential clients beyond. Shortage of rain has been a challenge,with water being a scarce resource in the country. Small scale farmers have counted their losses, thinking twice of their economic activities.
The government is said to be lining up ways to curb the challenge such as offering training to the small scale farmers and irrigation. These and other measure could be expensive in the long run. The government of Ethiopia is resorting to cultivate on higher altitude to save the crop.
This change could tamper with the quality of coffee and the taste.