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Nigeria withholding tax

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Withholding Tax (WHT) is an advanced payment on income tax deducted directly from source by a service provider. The taxpayer could be a company or an individual and the rate of WHT ranges from 2.5% to 10%, depending on the nature of the transaction.

WHT is not a separate tax but serves as a credit against the tax liability of the taxpayer. For example, companies are required to pay Companies Income Tax (CIT) at the end of their accounting year and after their audited accounts have been filed. At the point of the assessment of their CIT liabilities, the WHT deducted from their invoices to service providers during the year would be deducted from the CIT payable for that financial year.

WHT and Non-Resident Companies
Non-resident companies are companies not incorporated in Nigeria. Under the Companies Income Tax Act (CITA), non-resident companies which have a “fixed base” in Nigeria are …