Browsing: Eurobond

The World Bank IMF
  • World Bank foresees $12 billion in support for Kenya between 2023 and 2026.
  • This financing is subject to approval as East Africa’s economic powerhouse continues to depend on borrowing to bridge budget gaps in the wake of high recurrent expenditures and revenue shortfalls.
  • The World Bank said it is fully committed to support Kenya in its journey to become an upper-middle-income country by 2030.

Kenya stands to benefit from up to $12 billion in financing from the World Bank over the next three years, as indicated by the global lender, ensuring continued support for the debt-saddled country.

This is subject to approval, the World Bank noted on Monday, as East Africa’s economic powerhouse continues to depend on borrowing to bridge budget gaps in the wake of high recurrent expenditures and revenue shortfalls. The World Bank stated that it is fully committed to supporting Kenya in its journey to become an…

Kenya National Treasury.
  • Kenya's forex reserves dipped to $6.2 billion on May 19, an eight-year low, before a slight improvement to $6.4 billion on May 26.
  • At $6.4 billion, Kenya's reserves are just 3.60 months of import cover, which is below the Central Bank of Kenya’s desired target.
  • What's more, the reserves are below the East Africa Community preferred threshold of 4.5 months of import cover, hence exposing the country to high volatilities in the global market.

A dip in export earnings, coupled with reducing diaspora inflows at a time of huge debt repayments have left Kenya grappling with low forex reserves, raising concerns on the health of East Africa's economic powerhouse.

The low forex reserves are further compounding the dollar shortage problem that has been gripping importers for months. Importers, mainly in the manufacturing and the energy sectors, have been struggling to secure the greenback to replenish their suppliers.

Kenya's forex reserves

Ghana 1
  • Ghana, a top gold and cocoa exporter rich in oil and gas deposits, is struggling with a $55 billion debt burden.
  • About 70 percent to 100 percent of the government revenue currently goes toward servicing the country’s debt.
  • It is estimated that Ghana’s debt-to-GDP will reach 98.7 percent by the end of 2023.

Crisis-saddled Ghana is seeing about $15 billion in external debt relief by 2026, the International Monetary Fund has said even as the country pursues debt restructuring plan with investors. In December 2022, Ghana suspended payments on most of its foreign debts effectively defaulting as policymakers started restructuring plans as part of a bailout deal with the IMF.

Initial plan was an agreement to suspend service payments of its Eurobonds, commercial loans and most bilateral loans. Further, as an interim emergency measure, the government moved to engage its external creditors in what it thought was best in making …

  • Central Bank of Kenya (CBK) data shows remittance inflows in March hit $357.0 million compared to $309.2 million in February, an increase of 15.5 percent.
  • Kenyans living and working abroad sent home $349.4 million in January, with the February figure being the lowest receipt since July last year. 
  • The cumulative inflows for the 12 months to March 2023 totaled $4 billion compared to $3.9 billion in a similar period in 2022.

Kenyans in the diaspora sent home more money in the month of March compared to February and January, defying inflationary pressures being felt by households across the globe.

Central Bank of Kenya (CBK) data shows remittance inflows in March totaled $357.0 million compared to $309.2 million in February, an increase of 15.5 percent.

The inflows were $349.4 million in January, with the February figure being the lowest receipt since July last year.

The cumulative inflows for the 12 months …

Eurobond Source- Maxwell Investments Group


Indeed, African governments are reaping a plethora of benefits from the inclusion by international financial markets to broaden the scope of their funding sources, swiftly abandoning foreign aid and traditional multilateral institutions.  

International financial markets have opened a window thereby providing a suitable platform for African governments to borrow, chiefly for capital spending through Eurobonds issuance. However, this opportunity has been watered down by overexploitation through excessive borrowing. Consequently, debt has been accumulating devoid of a meticulous assessment of risks posed and the consequences thereof, such as exchange rates and the real repayment costs for the piling debt.  

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has pinpointed a total of 17 African countries, with outstanding Eurobonds as near or under debt distress. African governments have been borrowing through issuing Eurobonds which are international bonds supplied by a country in a foreign currency, commonly in US dollars and euros which allows them


The ravaging Covid-19 pandemic earlier last year 2020 forced the Federal Government of Nigeria to suspend borrowing from International market but with their progressive economic recovery they have since announced plans to re-enter the international debt market this year once again.

Patience Oniha, the Director-General of the Debt Management Office (DMO), revealed this during a Reuters interview on Wednesday, April 7, 2021.

According to the Director-General of the Debt Management {DMO} the country will issue Eurobonds in 2021, with specifics to be published soon and an open bidding procedure for advisors.

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She also confirmed that the Eurobond would be included in the budget’s external borrowing plans for 2021.

A Eurobond is a debt instrument that’s denominated in a currency other than the home currency of the country or market in which it is issued.

Nigeria’s outstanding Eurobonds debt as …


Africa Finance Corporation (AFC), an investment multilateral finance institution has issued a CHF bond that matures in 2023 and which has already oversubscribed.

AFC invests in high-quality infrastructure assets that provide essential services in the core infrastructure sectors of power, natural resources, heavy industry, transport, and telecommunications.

To date, the Corporation has invested over USD6.6 billion in projects within 30 countries across Africa.

This latest bond issue has attracted great investment across Europe with AFC saying ‘it received strong investor interest from private banks and asset managers, and the bond has experienced an over subscription.’

“The response to our second Swiss Franc bond issue has been overwhelmingly positive with order-books three-times oversubscribed,” said Samaila Zubairu, President& CEO of AFC.

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The CEO also pointed out that ‘the strong appetite for AFC bonds is further testimony of investor confidence in …