Browsing: Monetary Policy

Namibia debt-to-GDP

Namibia has made progress on structural changes to foster economic diversification and boost productivity. Improving the business environment, promoting access to capital, improving governance, and decreasing skills mismatches are crucial for stimulating growth and achieving long-term debt sustainability.

Countries must continue to work to mitigate their vulnerabilities over time. This involves minimizing balance-sheet misalignments, establishing money and foreign exchange markets, and lowering exchange rate passthrough by increasing monetary policy credibility.

However, in the short term—while vulnerabilities remain high—the use of extra instruments may assist relieve short-term policy trade-offs when certain shocks occur. In particular, foreign exchange intervention, macroprudential policy measures, and capital flow controls may help increase monetary and fiscal policy autonomy, promote financial and price stability, and minimize output volatility if reserves are enough and these instruments are available.

It further explains that the RCF disbursement will continue to help address Tanzania’s urgent balance of payment needs arising from the Covid-19 pandemic.

The money will also serve to provide Tanzania with concessional resources needed to take measures to mitigate the severe socio-economic impact of the pandemic.

Tanzania’s economy is heavily dependent on the tourism industry and as yet, the IMF cautions that travel services receipts and travel arrivals continue to remain below pre-pandemic levels.