President Buhari’s ABP initiative drives Nigeria’s food industry to self-sufficiency

  • ABP is a critical policy to reduce Nigerian’s reliance on imported food and industrial raw materials
  • CBN collaboration with RIFAN increased the national output of rice to over 9 million metric tonnes in 2021.
  • Cocoa farmers in Nigeria are working towards increasing output, hoping to surpass the giant producers Ivory Coast and Ghana by 2027.

President Buhari commissioned Federal Capital Territory (FCT) mega rice pyramids in Abuja, Nigeria, on January 19.

From a report by LEADERSHIP, the President unveiled 13 million bags of rice (13 pyramids) in an event that state governors and business operators attended.

The President is pushing for Nigerians to consume locally-produced foods to discourage importation, grow the economy and the living standards of farmers, and ease the pressure on the naira.

Economists say that the federal government implements the protectionism policy as it works towards self-sufficiency in food production.

The Rice Farmers Association of Nigeria (RIFAN) supports the Anchor Borrowers’ Programme (ABP).

Read: High food prices push Nigeria’s annual inflation

Buhari said that the rice pyramids would aid efforts to reduce the price of rice in Nigeria. He expressed his expectations for other agricultural organizations to join the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN)-funded Anchor Borrowers’ Programme (ABP) that supports Buhari’s drive for food sufficiency.

Speaking at the event Central Bank’s governor, Godwin Emefiele, said that CBN collaboration with RIFAN increased the national output of rice to over 9 million metric tonnes in 2021, up from about 5.4 metric tonnes in 2015.

Productivity per hectare of smallholder farmers has also increased from 2.4 metric tonnes to about five metric tonnes over the same period.

Rice productivity faced challenges of banditry and terrorism by Boko Haram and ISWAP. Some farmers lost their lives while others had difficulties accessing their farms.

Nigeria is the biggest producer of Rice in Africa. [Photo/Agrotek Value Chains Agent Limited]
Anchor Borrowers’ Programme (ABP)

The ABP is an agricultural loan scheme inaugurated in 2015 by the federal government through the central bank of Nigeria. Buhari created ABP to boost agricultural production, reduce food importation, and stabilize the negative trade balance in the country.

Moreover, Buhari described ABP as a critical policy of the government to uplift the economy, create employment, conserve foreign exchange, and reduce reliance on imported food and industrial raw materials.

Read: West Africa’s successful cocoa coup heralds new dawn

President Muhammadu Buhari said that the ABP initiative issued N91.87 billion (US$220 million) to support 4.8 million smallholder farmers across Nigeria to boost farming of 23 agricultural products, including rice, maize, cocoa, cotton oil palm, tomato, cassava, and livestock.

“Today, rice production in Nigeria has increased to over 7.5 metric tonnes annually,” he said on January 19.

Godwin said that unveiling the mega rice pyramids was among the many achievements of ABP. He further commended the President for his “vision of making agriculture a cornerstone.”

The acting managing director of the Bank of Agriculture (BOA), Alwa Hassan, disclosed that ABP was facing a challenge in debt repayment from the farmers.

Out of the N91.87 billion (US$220 million) released by the Central Bank of Nigeria for the ABP, the farmers have only paid N14.68 billion (US$36 billion) as of December 8, 2021.

Hassan further warned that the continued implementation of the scheme would prove to be a challenge to the bank if the delay of payment persisted. He noted that insecurity, armed robbery, and the kidnappings going on in the country have made it an uphill task for farmers to concentrate on their farms.

“Natural disasters with cases of farm loss due to flooding, early cessation of rain, and drought also pose serious challenges to the scheme,” he added.

The CBN governor also praised stakeholders and smallholder farmers in the rice production centre for their hard work and resilience.

Nigeria hopes to top Cocoa Production in Africa.

Top cocoa producers in the world. [Photo/World Finance]
Cocoa farmers in Nigeria, despite being the third biggest producers in Africa, are working towards increasing cocoa output. Their hope is to surpass the giant producers Ivory Coast and Ghana by 2027.

The Cocoa Farmers Association of Nigeria (CFAN) argued that increasing the country’s cocoa output would boost foreign exchange. This would consequently improve the country’s gross domestic product (GDP).

CFAN’s short-term goal, however, is to increase Nigeria’s cocoa production from its current 328,263 metric tonnes per year to 5,000 metric tonnes per annum over the next two years.

The association’s President, Adeola Adegoke, said this would be accomplished by the safe use of pesticides, prevention of deforestation, child labour free farming, putting traceability in place, having a sustainable ecosystem, and producing good quality cocoa.

According to the 2021 World Population Review, Ivory Coast tops production of cocoa beans in Africa at 2,034,000 metric tonnes, followed by Ghana with 883,652 metric tonnes. Nigeria’s output stood at 328,263 metric tonnes.

Read: Will Ghana’s stance on value addition resonate in Africa?

I am a journalist who is an enthusiastic tech, business and investment news writer from across Africa. There is always something good happening in Africa but most gets lost in the stereotypes. I tell the stories that matter to the Africans for Africa. Have a tip? You can contact me at

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