Browsing: Algeria

The findings are quite encouraging for Sonatrach and Algeria, both of which have not seen major increases in their hydrocarbon reserves since the middle of the 2000s.

Since the beginning of the year, Algeria has experienced an increase in the amount of oil and gas being exported via pipeline and sea; Algeria has provided Italy with 13.9 billion cubic metres, which is more than 113 per cent of the amounts that were originally expected.

More recently, Occidental (US), Total Energies (France), and Eni (Italy) came to an agreement worth US$4 billion to develop a site located in the Berkine perimeter and generate 1 billion barrels of oil equivalent. The transaction was signed by all three companies.

Sonatrach and other international oil firms can now enter into production-sharing agreements according to a hydrocarbon law passed in 2019, despite the fact that the legislation sparked some street protests. However, it established a legal basis for more investment in Algeria.

While Russia’s preferred visions and modes of action in the Maghreb seem to be fairly well identified, the perceptions and expectations, but also the possible reservations on the Maghreb are more rarely expressed by the leaders of these countries and little-studied at the academic level.

Perhaps we should look at this, as far as the powers that be are concerned, a concern for discretion regarding the sensitive aspects of this foreign policy component – this is particularly true for Algeria – an area on which they generally communicate little and for the academic research community in North Africa, a lack of knowledge related to the history, geography and culture of contemporary Russia.

If there is undoubtedly, on the Maghreb side and with important nuances from one country to another, a manifest interest in a development or a deepening of the partnership with Moscow, questions may remain about Russia’s objectives, especially in Rabat and Tunis.

The Spain energy crisis comes after Algeria cut off natural gas supply through the Gaz-Maghreb-Europe (GME) pipeline.

Algeria President Abdelmadjid Tebboune authorized Sonatrach (state energy firm) to stop gas exports to Spain through the pipeline that transverses through Morocco to Spain, due to tensions with Rabat, accusations that Morocco denied.

The 1400 km GME pipeline has been in operation for over 55 years, delivering billion cubic metres per year to Portugal and Spain.